THEORIES CONCERNING THE SIZE, AGE, AND ORIGINS OF THE UNIVERSE|
(Please note that these are only theories I am working on. I'm not saying this is the way it is, I'm saying this is what I am working on and where I have gotten to so far. I am doing this because I find science reinforces spirituality and I believe we will finally have a scientific model of the universe that includes the Creator as an ever-present force. Also, a quantum physicist has confirmed that my theories regarding the expansion of the universe, dark matter and dark energy, are actually being seriously investigated by quantum phyicists and is called vacuum polarization.)
Scientists keep trying to figure out the fourth dimension of Time/Space. Time/Space is the first dimension and encompassesses the other three dimensions. The other three dimensions all happen within the dimension of Time/Space. Time/Space is created by the Creator being aware of Itself "here" (space) "now" (time).
There is presently no way to know the size of the universe. This is because space and time are one thing, Space/Time or Time/Space, and as we look out into space, we are also looking back into time. At about 13.7 billion years ago, the universe appears blurred in all directions. This is supposedly due to the fact that the universe at that age had not become clear enough yet to see through. According to the Big Bang theory it was supposedly just a thick soup. If the universe began at some time, Big Bang or no, it is likely it passed through this soup-like phase. Re-inforcing the concept of the universe having a beginning is the fact that galactic structures appear to be younger the farther out into space, and back into time, we peer.
This is as close to time travel as we can get because the creation is only a sea of light that keeps changing. It does not exist in the "past", neither does it exist in the "future". It only exists "now" and now is the eternal moment. Space/Time and the creation it contains are illusions made of shifting light existing in an eternal moment. What exists only exists now.
In any event, no matter where a person is in the universe, he will see this wall at 13.7 billion light years away, even if he were to move more than 13.7 billion light years from the Earth, and the Milky Way had blurred into "The Wall" and disappeared from the "observable" universe.
The only way we could determine the size of the universe today is if we could somehow prove that "The Wall" is it's actual edge, and the Earth was created at the initial center of the universe. Scientifically this is an almost impossible probability. However, SETA (the Search for Extraterrestials) continues, and if no one else is found out there soon, it will rapidly start becoming more statistically probable that the Earth is it. This won't mean less intelligent life isn't out there. It could also be that we are part of a "leading edge" of galactic evolution and other life is where we are and their signals just haven't had time to reach us. This is statistically highly unlikely, though. If there is other intelligent life, some civilizations should be far more advanced then us and we should be able to find their signals.
Spiritually, it is a possibility, even though it is reminiscent of the old theories that had the Sun orbiting around the Earth. The question here would be is the Earth a sufficient enough place for the Creator to fulfill Itself? If yes, then the Earth could well be the actual center of the universe and the Wall might be its actual edge.
If that were so, then the Wall we see is us, our own galaxy, in all directions. This would be because ST has to curve back upon itself. The farthest thing from us is therefore us. The Wall would be our galaxy in its very early stages, before it had form.
Again, if this were all true, then a space traveler could head off in any direction from Earth in a straight line. As he left our galaxy behind, it would appear to grow younger in age. Ahead he would see a thickening in the Wall as our same galaxy began to come into view and grow older. Halfway between he would see our galaxy both ahead and behind and it would be the same age in both places, but would appear as viewed from opposite directions. This would be the virtual boundary of the universe, and also its virtual radius, as the traveler would now no longer be moving out of the universe, but back into it. As he got closer to his destination, he would see the galaxy behind him grow younger and younger until it faded back into the Wall.
This is all very unlikely, especially since we don't see replications in opposite directions in the sky. This could be because of how Space/Time folds back upon itself, but that, too, is highly doubtful.
The Earth, however has other unique features that do indicate it could be one of a kind. First is its moon. No one has yet been able to tell yet where the moon came from. It is not made of the same stuff the Earth is. It had to have a separate origin. Yet without it, exactly as it is in size, mass and orbit, life on Earth could not exist because it stabilizes the Earth's natural wobble. It is also just the right size to provide us with perfect solar and lunar eclipses. Its influence, along with the Earth's particular elliptical orbit make life possible. It all combines to create the change of seasons so no one place ever gets too hot where we lose atmosphere and water to space. Of course the size and power of the sun is also a major factor. If it were just a few degrees warmer or cooler, life on Earth would not exist. This myraid of factors that make life possible on Earth, where the absence or alteration of just one would make life impossible, point to the probability that the Earth was created to be unique.
However, the universe can have no edges or borders. If it is all that exists, then there can be no-thing "outside" it, not even a void. There is literally no place for it to expand into, which is why I do not believe in an expanding universe. Therefore, unless it is infinite, which is also a slim possibility, it must fold back upon itself somehow, so if you were to travel off in any direction in a straight line, you would finally return to from where you started, but coming into it from the opposite direction. An entire universe would also surround you the whole time, extending out for the 13.7 billion light years to the Wall.
If it is an expanding universe, as per most models of the Big Bang, then it could not be infinite because space and time are one thing, space/time, and if one began small, so did the other. This also means that if time passes at a steady rate, then space should also remain steady. If space is growing, because time passing is the equivalent of time growing, then it has to be growing at a steady rate because time is still steady.
You could never get to an edge and look "out" into "nothing" because there is absolutely no-thing there. If there were "space", even empty space, it would then be part of the universe and also have time. It would be a void, but it would still be part of the universe. If the universe didn't fold back upon itself, then the void would also have to have an edge, and then what would be beyond that? All you would have then is an infinite universe with our glob of stuff in it, unless there are also other globs of stuff spread through that universe, like galaxies in ours. and even then it would have to curve back upon itself somehow, unless it is infinite.
Therefore, no matter where a person is in the universe, on Earth or not, he will be at the literal "center of the universe" for him. So it can be said that the Earth IS at the center of the universe, but all places are at the center of the universe. Of course if we could prove that life is unique to the Earth, the theory that the universe was created around the Earth would take on much greater import.
The question is whether or not the Wall is the actual edge, which is highly unlikely. But since we don't know, we can not determine the actual size of the universe.
The only way to currently get an accurate size of the universe would be to travel through it from one place, back to that same place by travelling is a "straight" line. That way, no matter how it curves back upon itself, an accurate size can be determined.
Those who embrace the "Big Bang" theory see an expanding universe that is accelerating in its expansion rate. By beginning at the time of the Wall, they can estimate its size. However, there are a lot of problems with the Big Bang that make it impossible for me to believe in it as it is presently presented. The one thing we have learned through science is that it follows logic, and the Big Bang does not in too many ways. If, as I propose, the universe sprang into existence everywhere at once, and is not expanding, then the estimates based on an expanding universe are worthless.
First, a universe that begins with "something" and ends with "nothing" makes no sense. Current Big Bang theory has the universe originating from an incredibly dense, small, "singularity" that contains all the matter in the universe. That explodes for some unknown reason and all the matter keeps accelerating out into space/time until it hits the speed of light and ceases to exist. They have it actually exceeding the speed of light, but at over the speed of light the light actually making up the matter couldn't keep up with the matter to make it, so it would have to cease to exist. This is all just too unlikely to be true.
Second, there is literally no place for the universe to expand into indefinitely. It has to curve back upon itself at some point, so if it were expanding "outward" at an increasing rate, it would also be collapsing "inward" at that rate at some point.
We know the universe does not curve back upon itself in a simple circle. This is because all the masses in the universe curve time and space and they are not equally distributed throughout the universe. Space and time twist and turn before they come back to the same place.
Because of this, even if the Wall was the literal "edge" of the universe, we would see the different views we see when looking in opposite directions. If it were a simple circular curve and the Wall was the edge, we would see the same thing in opposite directions at some point and we don't. They are not even similar, which is another indication that the Wall is not the actual edge of the Universe.
So, I see no way of knowing the size of the universe without actually travelling through it completely.
As for the age of the universe, it appears to be about 13.7 billion years old. But, it also appears to be expanding at an accelerating rate, and this can not be so, as discussed above. The reason it appears to be 13.7 billion years old is because we see the Wall at that distance. At that distance individual light sources, like galaxies, can not be seen. The Big Bang theory is that the universe was just a thick soup at that time. Other visual evidence supports this, like the fact that we see younger galaxies farther from us.
Therefore I am going to assume the universe did actually begin about 13.7 Billion years ago. However, contrary to the Big Bang theory that has everything expanding out from a center, I believe it popped into being everywhere at once and is now self-sustaining in a conservation of energy sense.
The universe's basic component is space/time (ST). From a spiritual point of view, ST is created by a simple "Awareness": "I Am That I Am". Just by being aware of Itself, the Creator creates space/time because it is aware of Itself "here" and "now". The awareness of "here" creates "space" and the awareness of "now" creates "time". Although ST has no substance, for scientific purposes lets consider it a "thing" with no substance, or an exotic material like a plasma. It can be sensed, but not measured in its pure state.
Divine Discontent causes small disturbances in ST and these are the Quanta of Quantum Mechanics, the smallest particles of the universe, and they are extremely unstable, only remaining in existence for tiny instants unless they combine with other quanta to form more stable particles. Even most of these larger particles are extremely unstable and only exist for an instant.
This continuous popping into and out of being creates a virtual mass in the universe that can not be detected. However, it does exert virtual gravity and acts as a mass that the light of the universe must pass through, becoming attenuated in the process, which gives distant objects a "red shift" in their light spectrums. This red shift gives most of the galaxies the appearance of not just moving away from us, but doing so at an accelerating speed since the light from the farther galaxies must pass through more virtual matter before it reaches us. The light from the more distant galaxies have a greater red shift not because they are accelerating away from us, but because their light is more attenuated from passing through more virtual matter. The few with a blue shift are actually moving towards us at a fast enough speed to overcome the attenuation of the virtual mass.
Virtual mass is thicker in galaxies. It is probably thicker within galaxies due to the proximity to the Black Holes which are its source, as explained below, and possibly also due to the gravitational pull of the galactic masses which might "draw" or "suck" the quanta out of the raw ST fabric, or be generated by the massive energy output of the solar masses.
The "Dark Matter" that supposedly exists and creates a 24% greater gravitational field within the galaxies than the "visible" matter can explain probably does not exist at all. The most recent theories strongly suggest that the extra "gravitational force" is due to the acceleration due to gravity of the solar masses towards the center of the galaxies.
There are four basic forces we have identified: gravity, electromagnetism, the weak atomic force and the strong atomic force. The weak and strong forces were named unfortunately because they are not a measure of strength, but complexity of entanglement and the resultant time required to disentangle entangled particles.
Consider a quanta of any sort to be round ball of energy with particular occillating energy patterns. When it comes into contact with another sort of quanta, the two can merge and become entangled. The degree of entanglement determines how much time it takes to disentangle them (and force) and if it is a longer time, they are said to be held together by the strong force. If they separate more quickly, they are said to be held together by the weak force. But really we are just talking about degree of entanglement.
Although ST has no measurable substance, it is isotropic and "fluid". It has a type of "consistency" and is cohesive and elastic, which is why it can bend. When quanta pop into being, they are a coalescing or "bunching up" of ST in three dimensions. This bunching up causes an elastic effect around the particle, a pulling inward, and this is the force of gravity. Although we can not measure it at such small levels, it still exists and tends to draw all particles together, regardless of size.
If two quanta are close enough when they pop into being, they can draw together and become entangled, forming a new particle. If that particle absorbs another quanta, it might become a stable particle like a proton, forming the nucleus of a hydrogen atom. When particles combine, there is usually extra energy. This energy pops in, out and around the nucleus of the particle (atom) and we call that energy electrons. They offer the possibility of other entanglements with other particles and thus we get the table of elements. It is these electrons that are responsible for electromagnetism.
I do not believe we can come up with a Grand Unified Theory (GUT) that can resolve gravity with the other three forces because gravity is not related to the other forces. And though electromagnetism can be used to counter the strong and weak forces, they are not directly related, either, because the strong and weak forces are not really forces at all, but degrees of entanglement. We can use electromagnetism to disentangle particles, but is not through the countering of another force.
As stable particles are formed, they draw each other together into larger and larger masses, forming solar masses (suns) and their planets, asteroids and comets, as well as other, dark, matter outside the solar systems. Solar systems draw into galaxies and galaxies spiral into the Black Holes at their centers. Other smaller, non-centric, Black Holes might also exist both inside and outside of galaxies. Inside they would probably be smaller than the central Black Hole, while outside in intergalactic space they could be of any size.
In Quantum Physics and Relativity, the matter entering a Black Hole never exits, violating the laws of energy conservation. Energy can not just disappear. Both Quantum Physics and Relativity agree that the center of a Black Hole is a "singularity" where ST curves back on itself instantaneously. They differ on the nature of the center. I say this singularity is the same as the singularity that we find at the origin of ST. In other words, this is the eternal moment we began with, a place where only ST exists and it only exists because there is an "Awareness" there that creates it. It is eternal and measureless as there is no way to measure time and no things to judge distance to. It is the pure Space/Time we began with. There is no light there.
When matter is drawn into a Black Hole, it is utterly destroyed by the strong gravitational field and immense density. I see it as the energy waves making up the matter, the quanta, being pressed "flat" back into the raw fabric of Space/Time.
Spiritually speaking, and I believe scientifically, the center of a black hole is the same as that place within each of us that is eternally lonely.
Since all quanta are originating out of this ST fabric, it appears it is possible to establish a balance between the amount of matter, mass, quanta, being "pressed flat" into pure ST in the centers of all Black Holes and the quanta, mass, matter, popping into existence throughout the universe. This is because the singularity at the center of all Black Holes has to be the same singularity. There can be only one space where ST curves back on itself instantly because space is actually a single thing. Where it curves back on itself like that is where it does that. It can not do it in "another" space because there is now no other space to do it in. No matter exists in this singularity, just Space/Time, and we are back to the "I Am That I Am", or the original state of awareness, which is the beginning.
I think it is best put that there is a "tension" to ST that keeps things in balance. Just so much energy exists in the universe and it can have neither more nor less. This energy level might actually have a direct correlation to the Creator's "energy level", whatever that might actually be. Thus, as matter is consumed in Black Holes, only that much matter can be remanifested as new quanta that remain and form new matter. Divine Discontent keeps "pressure" on the creative side, thus creating a vast majority of short-lived quanta that only make up the virtual mass we don't see in the universe, except for its effects in light attenuation and virtual gravity within large masses like galaxies. We see this in the world of life also, in the amount of seed produced by living things. The millions of sperm made by a male, for instance, or the amount of pollen and seeds produced by a plant. Only a very small percentage survives, just like quanta.
At the same time, this "virtual mass" creates a backpressure that keeps too many quanta from coming into and remaining in existence, providing a check against Divine Discontent's creative pressure and establishing a balanced system.
Spritually speaking, this could be why we also experience "resistance" and "difficulty" in all our endeavors, something usually attributed to a "dark" spiritual force like the Devil. I personally believe the resistance we encounter, like the last bolt always being the difficult one, is the Creator's way of stretching out a project to fill more of our time.
I also believe it might be this virtual mass popping into and out of existence that we see as the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation most attribute to the Big Bang, though it is possible that the CMBR is actually a remnant of a Big Bang. If there was a Big Bang, however, I believe it happened everywhere at once and did not begin in a single spot and explode outward. This would explain the uniformity of the radiation temperature throughout the universe, something the regular, expanding, Big Bang theory has problems with.
So far, I have theorized that the universe is of a "fixed", unknown, size and, though it appears to have a beginning about 13.7 Billion years ago, could possibly now be eternal and in total balance as per the laws of the conservation of energy. It only appears to be expanding at an accelerating rate because distant light is attenuated through a virtual mass created by quanta popping in and out of existence. The greater the distance, the greater the attenuation and the greater the impression of speed, thus giving an impression of acceleration. I also believe space must appear to be expanding because we perceive time that way. Because Space/Time is one thing, if one appears to increase, so must the other.
I think this constitutes a complete alternative explanation to the expanding Big Bang theory for the purposes of regular science. I pray one day someone proves me correct through scientific observation. I simply do not have the training to do the math.
There are two other possibilities. It is possible that the universe is eternal, but is constructed in such a way so that it would appear to be 13.7 Billion years old to any observer, from anywhere, at any time. This is a near impossibility, as we all see evidence of aging throughout the world, even in our selves, and can see that mankind itself has grown over time out of a primitive past. We all see time pass in more ways than simply the rotation of the Earth, or the hands of a clock. It is only logical that the universe itself was once young. But, it is also possible it could have simply sprung into existence at any time in its apparent history and been complete, even having a phony history. This could also mean it was created with dinosaur bones already fossilized and buried, too. I find both of these options highly unlikely.
How will it end? I believe the universe sprang into being everywhere at once. Likewise, I believe it will simply just disappear all at once. What came before it? Another universe of some sort. What will come after it? Another universe of some sort. Why? Because it is the "Awareness" that is eternal. And it is not good to be eternally alone nowhere. That Space/Time of only "here and now" is painfully lonely. It hurts us to even imagine it. If the Creator gets tired of this universe, It will simply stop creating it and begin creating something else. This is what It does. Creates universes to play in through beings like those on Earth, especially the people.
I am now going to talk about some other things. I am doing this based on Quantum Physics and my own personal experiences. I have no doubt that the world works as I am about to tell you. I "see" it every day. I just hope I can tell it well.
According to Quantum Physics, even though the universe appears to have stability over time, that is, we see continuity in things like the movement of the planets or the growth of a plant or our very selves, it is actually materializing around us as we live in it. Indeed, according to Quantum Physics, at any given moment each of us is missing parts because the quanta that make us up are always popping into and out of being. They aren't all there all the time. The continuity is the "permanence" of things Moses wrote of that is intended to comfort us. He, of course lived in the world of light, hence his miracles. More importantly, we directly influence what is manifested each instant by our interaction with it. I don't want to go farther into that here, as I go into it in other places, but in essence, in Quantum Physics terms, we are each little bubbles with light materializing around them. Each of us is the very center of our own universe. Those universes overlap and are harmonized, to allow interaction of individuals, but each individual is at the very center of his own universe. The proof of this is discussed above where a traveler eventually gets to a distance where the Milky Way disappears into the Wall, but he is still the center of his own observable universe.
Briefly, I know this is true because I have learned to ask for things. When I receive them, I see the world materializing around me, and this makes it a world of light I see. I see a world of miracles.
Anyway, what this means is that each space traveler is traveling in his own little world of light materializing around his consciousness. I say "around" for external, scientific, reasons, since that is what I am addressing here, but in reality, the light is not "around" us, but "within" us. The universe is really inside us, in our consciousness. Thus Jesus said, "I am in the Creator, and the Creator is in me."
Does life exist elsewhere in the universe? As explained below, I strongly believe so. If the Earth is not intended as the actual center, then there must be life in other parts of the universe. Is it intelligent? It could well be. Even if the Earth is the intended center of the universe, life could well be found in other places, though in that case it is doubtful it would be as advanced as humanity. It could be though, just to provide an eventual challenge for humanity, to make the world interesting. It also works like that. So far, SETA has had no results, even though it should have according to probability. Then, again, it could be no one is more advanced then us so they haven't been transmitting signals long enough for us to hear them, just as we haven't been broadcasting long enough for anyone to have heard us yet.
On October 16th of 1966, however, I observed a "UFO" for two hours over the Great South Bay on the south side of Long Island. I was a deckhand on a ferry and the captain on the ferry stopped the ferry when we first observed it and we watched it, and it, us, for two full hours. It moved in upon us, off again, in again, and off again as we watched it, and it appeared to be studying us. At the end of the two hours we drifted by a clammer with binoculars who said he, too, had been watching it for the two hours. The next day, Newsday, the prominent Long Island newspaper, reported it had also been sighted over Patchogue, a fairly large town to the east, which is the direction it took when it left us. It was subsequently seen on other nights and I have copies of the articles. I have no explanation of what the UFO was, but it was saucer shaped and about 300 feet in diameter. It came within a quarter mile of us twice as it moved in and out from us. I tend to believe our "visitors" do not come from other planets, because of the difficulty of space travel, but most likely come from another dimension. This is only speculation on my part, though, though I know from this experience that we are not alone.
Lastly for now, I think space travel could be nearly instantaneous to any part of the universe if we could approach the speed of light. This is because the space traveler elongates as he approaches the speed of light and his surroundings compress ahead of him. If the destination was 100 light years away, the traveler could accelerate to a speed necessary to elongate to a distance of 200 light years. When he stopped moving, he should "compress" equally from both ends and be at his 100 light year destination. The reason he would compress at equal speeds from both ends, instead of having the light behind have to catch up, is that light speed is constant for a body at rest and, when his center is at rest, when he stops moving, both ends will collapse around the center in the same time.
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